Journal of One Initiative Research and Development (JOIRD) is an international half-yearly trilingual multidisciplinary journal. JOIRD is the research publication of One Initiative Research and Development (OIRD). Scholars, Academicians, and Corporate Researchers from home and abroad are engaged in this organization. The OIRD publishes this journal half yearly in both print and online versions. All publications are open-access in full text and free to download. This journal accepts article submissions online or by email ([email protected]).